Commemorative Medal for Spanish Volunteers in the Struggle against Bolshevism
Scarce genuine WWII German medal, Erinnerungsmedaille für die spanischen Freiwilligen im Kampf gegen den Bolschewismus.
Introduced in January 1944, the Commemorative Medal for Spanish Volunteers in the Struggle against Bolshevism was primarily intended for the Spanish (and Portuguese) volunteers of the 250. Einheit Spanischer Freiwilliger, also known as División Azul. Created by Franco in June 1941, the latter fought on the Eastern Front and was disbanded in November 1943.
The back features the phrase División española de voluntarios en Rusia.
Note: The original ribbon has been replaced with the ribbon of the Eastern Front Medal.
Genuine WWII Eastern Front Medal (Winterschlacht Im Osten), delivered with its original ribbon.
The Eastern Front Medal, more commonly known as the Ostmedaille was instituted on May 26, 1942 to mark service on the German Eastern Front (World War II) during the period November 15, 1941 to April 15, 1942. It was commissioned to recognise the hardship endured by German and Axis Powers personnel, combatant or non-combatant, during the especially bitter Russian winter of '41/'42. It was wryly called the "Gefrierfleischorden" (Frozen Meat Medal) by the Heer, Luftwaffe & Waffen-SS personnel to whom it was awarded.
Qualification for the award:
14 days served in active combat within the specified area between November 15, 1941 – April 15, 1942
60 days served in specified area between November 15, 1941 – April 15, 1942, non-combat
Wounded in action
Killed in action (posthumous award)
Injury caused by frostbite (or another injury related to the climate) severe enough to warrant the issue of a Wound Badge
Unique in that its designer was a contemporary serving soldier, SS-Unterscharführer Ernst Krause, the medal was held in high regard by all branches of the Wehrmacht. Measuring 36mm in diameter, of (generally) zinc construction, the medal was given a gun-metal coloured coating. On one side an eagle grasps a Swastika and the reverse features the text "Winterschlacht Im Osten 1941/42" featuring a crossed sword and branch below the text. The helmet and outer ring were finished in a polished silver effect. A ribbon that accompanied the medal was coloured red, white and black (symbolic of blood, snow and death). The medal and ribbon were usually presented in a paper packet, but these were invariably discarded. Over 3 million were made by more than 26 confirmed firms by the time the order was officially decommissioned by Oberkommando der Wehrmacht on September 4, 1944.
The medal itself was not worn on the combat tunic as per the 1st class Iron Cross & War Merit Cross for example, but worn as a ribbon bar, or as the ribbon alone stitched through the second from top tunic buttonhole as per 2nd Class Iron Cross and War Merit Cross.
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